We all know that we need a face wash as part of our skin care routine. Everybody uses it, so there are probably a hundred brands making it. But, what does a face wash really do? And how can you figure out which face wash is the right option for you? That's why we have broken down how to choose the right face wash.
The point of a face wash is to clean the skin on your face of dirt, sweat, sebum (the oil that is secreted), bacteria, dead cells, and any other impurities. If a cleanser is too light, it may not clean well enough, if too rich, it may clog your pores. You also need to make sure that your face wash doesn't contain excessively harsh or harmful chemicals. Ingredients like cocamidopropyl betaine or caprylic triglyceride are better as they are sulfate free surfactants. And finally, you should definitely not use your everyday soap on your face, as it can dry your skin too much, or cause damage due to its harsh components.And here is what you have to remember when buying your face wash: For dry skin
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Dry skin needs nourishing, quite obviously. So what you need is a face wash for dry skin that is moisturising, with ingredients like lanolin, petroleum, and mineral oil. These components help to nourish the skin, and after cleansing it, leave a slight layer of moisture. You should stay away from foaming face washes. You should also avoid excessive exfoliation, and stay away from products that have salicylic or glycolic acid.For oily skin
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The right face wash for oily skin is equipped to combat any excessive sebum that is produced. Sebum is the naturally oily secretion that your happens on your skin. Unlike what a lot of products tend to do for oily skin, it is not advisable to get rid of all the natural oil on your face, in the name of cleansing. It makes our sebaceous glands react, and overproduce oil to restore the balance. The ideal face wash for oily skin in a mild one, generally foaming, which cleans the face without stripping it off all moisturise entirely. Look for products with naturally antibacterial properties like neem and tea tree to keep breakouts at bay, since they combat any pores that may have bacteria in it. Something like aloe vera is also good to have, as it soothes the skin, and lightly hydrates it.For combination skin
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People with combination skin face a difficult battle, sometimes your skin gets too dry, and sometimes the side-effects of an oily skin can suddenly act out on your skin. What you need is a gentle cleanser that does not irritate either property. Something that is alcohol-free, hypoallergenic, soap-free is a good choice for you. In fact, you may want to consider something like a micellar water, due to its super gentle properties.For sensitive skin or acne-prone skin
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If you have sensitive or acne-prone skin, first you need to determine what is the problem area. If you have hyper dryness, it can lead to red patches and rashes on your skin. Alternatively, if you have acne-the end result can also be angry red patches. Both these are very different, and ideally, you should only pick your face wash after a consultation.Sensitive
As a general rule though, both do need a gentle cleanser. If you have sensitive skin, then pick a cleanser that doesn't have any alcohol, is fragrance-free, hypoallergenic, and paraben-free.Acne-prone
If you have acne-prone skin then tea-tree, neem, and salicylic acid based anti-acne cleansers area a good option.For normal skin
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If you happen to have normal skin, then you happen to have lucked out quite a bit. Most face washes will work for you, though it is better that you stay away from harsh chemicals like parabens and surfactants. You can use both a foaming or non-foaming face wash depending on how your skin reacts to each. Just remember that you don't want a face wash to completely dry out your face, leave any residue behind, or not clean the dirt properly.